On Charisma and the Sublime in the Arts of the WestUniversity of Pennsylvania Press
What is the force in art, C. Stephen Jaeger asks, that can enter our consciousness, inspire admiration or imitation, and carry a reader or viewer from the world as it is to a world more sublime? We have long recognized the power of individuals to lead or enchant by the force of personal charisma—and indeed, in his award-winning Envy of Angels, Jaeger himself brilliantly parsed the ability of charismatic teachers to shape the world of medieval learning. In Enchantment, he turns his attention to a sweeping and multifaceted exploration of the charisma not of individuals but of art.
For Jaeger, the charisma of the visual arts, literature, and film functions by creating an exalted semblance of life, a realm of beauty, sublime emotions, heroic motives and deeds, godlike bodies and actions, and superhuman abilities, so as to dazzle the humbled spectator and lift him or her up into the place so represented. Charismatic art makes us want to live in the higher world that it depicts, to behave like its heroes and heroines, and to think and act according to their values. It temporarily weakens individual will and rational critical thought. It brings us into a state of enchantment.
Ranging widely across periods and genres, Enchantment investigates the charismatic effect of an ancient statue of Apollo on the poet Rilke, of the painter Dürer's self-portrayal as a figure of Christ-like magnificence, of a numinous Odysseus washed ashore on Phaeacia, and of the black-and-white projection of Fred Astaire dancing across the Depression-era movie screen. From the tattoos on the face of a Maori tribesman to the haunting visage of Charlotte Rampling in a film by Woody Allen, Jaeger's extraordinary book explores the dichotomies of reality and illusion, life and art that are fundamental to both cultic and aesthetic experience.
Chapter 1. Charisma and Art
Chapter 2. Living Art and Its Surrogates: The Genesis of Charismatic Art
Chapter 3. Odysseus Rising: The Homeric World
Chapter 4. Icon and Relic
Chapter 5. Charismatic Culture and Its Media: Gothic Sculpture and Medieval Humanism
Chapter 6. Romance and Adventure
Chapter 7. Albrecht Dürer's Self-Portrait (1500): The Face and Its Contents
Chapter 8. Book Burning at Don Quixote's
Chapter 9. Goethe's Faust and the Limits of the Imagination
Chapter 10. The Statue Changes Rilke's Life
Chapter 11. Grand Illusions: Classic American Cinema
Chapter 12. Lost Illusions: American Neorealism and Hitchcock's Vertigo
Chapter 13. Woody Allen: Allan Felix's Glasses and Cecilia's Smile
"In a wide-ranging and stimulating study, C. Stephen Jaeger argues that charisma is the sublime in human presence. . . . Jaeger makes a good case for the enchantment of the reader or spectator, a thread that enables him both to bring together very different cultural artefacts and to conclude with a plea that enchantment should be integral to education."—Modern Language Review
"Enchantment is, as usual with Jaeger's books, extremely rich in terms of fascinating hypotheses and cues for discussion. The style is always clear and eloquent, and the authors and the works discussed cover a very wide span of time, from Homer to Federico Fellini and Woody Allen."—Philosophical Inquiries
"C. Stephen Jaeger's magnificent, generous, and wide-ranging study has at its heart all that which is life-affirming. At every turn we encounter vigorous, eloquent, and intellectually consistent challenges to the division of art and experience. Readers in and between many disciplines will find this deeply perceptive account of the magical workings of enchantment, charisma, and the sublime in texts, images and bodies, empowering and uplifting. It cannot fail to influence the next generation of thought about the arts and media more generally."—Paul Binski, University of Cambridge
"Enchantment formulates a compelling theory of charismatic art as an alternative to our Western preoccupation with mimesis and hermeneutics. With the learning, passion, and verve familiar from his distinguished medieval scholarship, Jaeger's argument ranges magisterially from the body art of primitive cultures, through Classical epic, medieval sculpture, pedagogy and romance (the high point of charismatic culture in the West), all the way to Rilke and American cinema."—Jane K. Brown, University of Washington
"An intelligent, thought-provoking, and compelling discussion of the phenomenon of personal charisma and its transformative effects. C. Stephen Jaeger takes the reader through a stunning series of examples from literature, the visual arts, and film across a very broad historical range, from classical antiquity to the present. Throughout, he presents his claims in highly communicative and inviting prose. A sheer pleasure to read."—John T. Hamilton, Harvard University
This book’s publication is supported by the Haney Foundation, a fund established by a generous gift from Dr. John Louis Haney, one-time chair of the English department at the University of Pennsylvania.