Welfare Reform in Feminist PerspectiveUniversity of Pennsylvania Press
240 Pages, 6.00 x 9.00 in
- Published: November 2018
- Published: September 2018
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In Ensuring Poverty, Felicia Kornbluh and Gwendolyn Mink assess the gendered history of welfare reform. They foreground arguments advanced by feminists for a welfare policy that would respect single mothers' rights while advancing their opportunities and assuring economic security for their families. Kornbluh and Mink consider welfare policy in the broad intersectional context of gender, race, poverty, and inequality. They argue that the subject of welfare reform always has been single mothers, the animus always has been race, and the currency always has been inequality. Yet public conversations about poverty and welfare, even today, rarely acknowledge the nexus between racialized gender inequality and the economic vulnerability of single-mother families.
Since passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) by a Republican Congress and the Clinton administration, the gendered dimensions of antipoverty policy have receded from debate. Mink and Kornbluh explore the narrowing of discussion that has occurred in recent decades and the path charted by social justice feminists in the 1990s and early 2000s, a course rejected by policy makers. They advocate a return to the social justice approach built on the equality of mothers, especially mothers of color, in policies aimed at poor families.
Chapter 1. Legislating the Personal Responsibility of Poor Mothers
Chapter 2. Welfare (Reform) as We Knew It
Chapter 3. Change They Believed In
Chapter 4. The New Democratic War on Welfare
Chapter 5. Welfare Ends
Chapter 6. Rethinking TANF as If Mothers Matter
Chapter 7. Patriarchal Consensus: Gender and Poverty Under Bush and Obama
Conclusion. Toward Ending the Vulnerabilities of Single Mothers in Poverty
Appendix. Women's Committee of 100/Project 2002, "An Immodest Proposal: Rewarding Women's Work to End Poverty"
"Placing feminist analysis front and center in the ongoing public debate about welfare policy, Felicia Kornbluh and Gwendolyn Mink offer a much-needed corrective to the standard historical narrative about welfare reform that normalizes the most gendered and retrograde provisions of the welfare 'ending' Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act."—Alice O'Connor, University of California, Santa Barbara
"Ensuring Poverty is an important and overdue assessment of welfare reform's impact on women. Felicia Kornbluh and Gwendolyn Mink not only revive feminist criticism of the system's failure to value women's care work but also use new data to explain why welfare reform remains a critical aspect of politics today."—Dorothy Roberts, author of Killing the Black Body: Race, Reproduction, and the Meaning of Liberty