P. C. Chang and the Universal Declaration of Human RightsUniversity of Pennsylvania Press Pennsylvania Studies in Human Rights
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is one of the world's best-known and most translated documents. When it was presented to the United Nations General Assembly in December in 1948, Eleanor Roosevelt, chair of the writing group, called it a new "Magna Carta for all mankind." The passage of time has shown Roosevelt to have been largely correct in her prediction as to the declaration's importance. No other document in the world today can claim a comparable standing in the international community.
Roosevelt and French legal expert René Cassin have often been represented as the principal authors of the declaration. But in fact, it resulted from a collaborative effort involving a number of individuals in different capacities. One of the declaration's most important authors was the vice chairman of the Human Rights Commission, Peng Chun Chang (1892-1957), a Chinese diplomat and philosopher whose contribution has been the focus of growing attention in recent years. Indeed, it is Chang who deserves the credit for the universality and religious ecumenism that are now regarded as the declaration's defining features. Despite this, Chang's extraordinary contribution has been overlooked by historians.
Peng Chun Chang was a modern-day Renaissance man—teacher, scholar, university chancellor, playwright, diplomat, and politician. A true cosmopolitan, he was deeply involved in the cultural exchange between East and West, and the dramatic events of his life left a profound mark on his intellectual and political work. P. C. Chang and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is the first biography of this extraordinary actor on the world stage, who belonged to the same generation as Mao Zedong and Chiang Kai-shek. Drawing on previously unknown sources, it casts new light on Chang's multifaceted life and involvement with one of modern history's most important documents.
PART I. LIFE AND TIMES
Chapter 1. Peng Chun Chang's Early Life in China and Studies in the United States
Chapter 2. Raising a Family, Theatrical Activities, University and Diplomatic Careers
Chapter 3. New York and the United Nations
Chapter 4. Chang's Multifaceted and Intense Life
PART II. THE IDEAS BEHIND THE UN DECLARATION
Chapter 5. Peng Chun Chang and the UN Declaration on Human Rights
Chapter 6. Chang's Ideas About Ethics and Human Rights
Chapter 7. Chang, Malik, and Cassin
Chapter 8. Chang's Intercultural Ethics and the UN Declaration
Chapter 9. Chang's Triumphs, Defeats, and "Blind Spots"
"[A]n excellent book that made accessible an otherwise arcane subject to the general reader and specialist alike. Roth's book is a landmark study in its field and deserves a broad readership."—Connections
"In this unprecedented work, Hans Ingvar Roth casts a spotlight on the life and times of Chinese philosopher Peng Chun Chang, who has remained in the shadows too long-in spite of his signal contributions to the making of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948). Gathering much new evidence and insisting on Chang's relevance even today to a movement that seeks cross-cultural and global purchase, Roth has made a noteworthy contribution to the history and theory of human rights."—Samuel Moyn, author of Not Enough: Human Rights in an Unequal World
"A fine and deeply engaging book. P. C. Chang and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is quite the page turner, with a unique and novel angle into a much-researched topic, which is timely, both among practitioners and scholars, and Hans Ingvar Roth's approach fits well with the new generation of transnational historians of human rights."—Thomas Gammeltoft-Hansen, Raoul Wallenberg Institute, Sweden