For ethnic minorities in Europe separated by state borders—such as Basques in France and Spain or Hungarians who reside in Slovakia and Romania—the European Union has offered the hope of reconnection or at least of rendering the divisions less obstructive. Conationals on different sides of European borders may look forward to increased political engagement, including new norms to support the sharing of sovereignty, enhanced international cooperation, more porous borders, and invigorated protections for minority rights. Under the pan-European umbrella, it has been claimed that those belonging to divided nations would no longer have to depend solely on the goodwill of the governments of their states to have their collective rights respected. Yet for many divided nations, the promise of the European Union and other pan-European institutions remains unfulfilled.
Divided Nations and European Integration examines the impact of the expansion of European institutions and the ways the EU acts as a confederal association of member states, rather than a fully multinational federation of peoples. A wide range of detailed case studies consider national communities long within the borders of the European Union, such as the Irish and Basques; communities that have more recently joined, such as the Croats and Hungarians; and communities that are not yet members but are on its borders or in its "near abroad," such as the Albanians, Serbs, and Kurds. This authoritative volume provides cautionary but valuable insights to students of European institutions, nations and nationalism, regional integration, conflict resolution, and minority rights.
Contributors: Tozun Bahcheli, Zoe Bray, Alexandra Channer, Zsuzsa Csergő, Marsaili Fraser, James M. Goldgeier, Michael Keating, Tristan James Mabry, John McGarry, Margaret Moore, Sid Noel, Brendan O'Leary, David Romano, Etain Tannam, Stefan Wolff.
Introduction. John McGarry and Brendan O'Leary
Chapter 1. Divided Nations and Challenges to Statist and Global Theories of Justice Margaret Moore
Chapter 2. Forked Tongues: The Language Politics of Divided Nations Tristan James Mabry
Chapter 3. Kin-State Activism in Hungary, Romania, and Russia: The Politics of Ethnic Demography Zsuzsa Csergő and James M. Goldgeier
Chapter 4. European Integration and the Basque Country in France and Spain Zoe Bray and Michael Keating
Chapter 5. Albanians Divided by Borders: Loyal to State or Nation Alexandra Channer
Chapter 6. The Kurds and EU Enlargement: In Search of Restraints on State Power David Romano
Chapter 7. European Integration and Postwar Political Relations between Croatia and the Bosnian Croats and Serbia and the Bosnian Serbs Marsaili Fraser
Chapter 8. The Divided Irish Etain Tannam
Chapter 9. Germany and German Minorities in Europe Stefan Wolff
Chapter 10. Ties That No Longer Bind: Greece, Turkey, and the Fading Allure of Ethnic Kinship in Cyprus Tozun Bahcheli and Sid Noel
Conclusion: The Exaggerated Impact of European Integration on the Politics of Divided Nations John McGarry and Brendan O'Leary
List of Contributors
Tristan James Mabry is Assistant Research Professor in the Department of National Security Affairs at the Naval Postgraduate School. John McGarry is Professor of Political Studies and Canada Research Chair in Nationalism and Democracy at Queen's University. He has coauthored and coedited several books with Brendan O'Leary, including The Future of Kurdistan in Iraq, also available from the University of Pennsylvania Press. Margaret Moore is Sir Edward Peacock Professor in Political Theory at Queen's University and author of The Ethics of Nationalism and Foundations of Liberalism. Brendan O'Leary is Lauder Professor of Political Science at the University of Pennsylvania and Professor of Political Science at Queen's University Belfast.
"This volume is persuasive, articulate, and coherent, and is a great read for anyone who is interested in understanding identity dynamics, histories, and narratives of the cases examined. It can also be used as a textbook at the undergraduate or graduate level."—Human Rights Quarterly
"This edited volume on divided nations and European integration is an insightful addition to the National and Ethnic Conflict in the 21st Century series from the University of Pennsylvania Press. . . . An overall comprehensive examination of European integration and the divided nation."—Political Studies Review
"Divided Nations and European Integration provides not only a sober account of the limited impact European integration has had on kin state policies across, and minority protection inside, international borders, it also offers an elegant explanation for variations that do not fit the stereotypical East-West divide. A must-read book for scholars in comparative nationalism studies, European integration studies, and international relations."—Rainer Bauböck, European University Institute
"An excellent, up-to-date, normative, and empirical approach to the rights of national minorities in divided European nations. This subject is linked to the improvement of political liberty and political stability of contemporary democracies and has not received the attention it deserves by scholars until recent years. This volume is certain to become a major academic reference work for any reader interested in democracy, nationalism, and European affairs."—Ferran Requejo, Universitat Pompeu Fabra
"These renowned authors, under the able leadership of Mabry, McGarry, Moore, and O'Leary, innovate by bringing the areas of security studies and global justice to bear on the study of nations divided by state frontiers. In sharp contrast with the dominant literature in comparative politics and international relations, the contributors take seriously moral and political claims made by these communities. The volume advances a highly original approach to the question of how divided nations have been affected by European integration."—Alain-G. Gagnon, Université du Québec à Montréal
"An innovative and important collection. Divided Nations and European Integration offers a substantial contribution to nationalism studies and European studies."—Stephen Tierney, University of Edinburgh