In the summer of 1790 the Italian explorer Count Paolo Andreani embarked on a journey that would take him through New York State and eastern Iroquoia. Traveling along the Hudson and Mohawk Rivers, Andreani kept a meticulous record of his observations and experiences in the New World. Published complete for the first time in English, the diary is of major importance to those interested in life after the American Revolution, political affairs in the New Republic, and Native American peoples.
Through Andreani's writings, we glimpse a world in cultural, economic, and political transition. An active participant in Enlightenment science, Andreani provides detailed observations of the landscape and natural history of his route. He also documents the manners and customs of the Iroquois, Shakers, and German, Dutch, and Anglo New Yorkers. Andreani was particularly interested in the Oneida and Onondaga Indians he visited, and his description of an Oneida lacrosse match accompanies the earliest known depiction of a lacrosse stick. Andreani's American letters, included here, relate his sometimes difficult but always revealing personal relationships with Washington, Jefferson, and Adams.
Prefaced by an illuminating historical and biographical introduction, Along the Hudson and Mohawk is a fascinating look at the New Republic as seen through the eyes of an observant and curious explorer.
Introduction: A Bridge to America: Count Paolo Andreani and His Journal
Journal 1790, by Paolo Andreani —From New York to King's bridge —[King's Bridge to Albany] —Of the City of Albany —From Albany to the Six Nations —Of Oneida —Of the Tuscaroras —Of the Onondagas —From Albany to the Mineral Springs near Saratoga —Of the Valley of New Lebanon, Of the Mineral springs, and of the Quakers called Shakers —Of the Town of Udson —Of West Point
Epilogue: "An Incredible Number of Enemies": The Betrayal of Paolo Andreani
Appendix: Letters, 1790-1791
Cesare Marino is an anthropologist with the Smithsonian Institution. His books include The Sioux Vocabulary of 1823, Dal Piave at Little Bighorn, and The Remarkable Carlo Gentile, Pioneer Italian Photographer of the West. Karim M. Tiro teaches history at Xavier University.