Enslaved Women, Violence, and the ArchiveUniversity of Pennsylvania Press Early American Studies
In the eighteenth century, Bridgetown, Barbados, was heavily populated by both enslaved and free women. Marisa J. Fuentes creates a portrait of urban Caribbean slavery in this colonial town from the perspective of these women whose stories appear only briefly in historical records. Fuentes takes us through the streets of Bridgetown with an enslaved runaway; inside a brothel run by a freed woman of color; in the midst of a white urban household in sexual chaos; to the gallows where enslaved people were executed; and within violent scenes of enslaved women's punishments. In the process, Fuentes interrogates the archive and its historical production to expose the ongoing effects of white colonial power that constrain what can be known about these women.
Combining fragmentary sources with interdisciplinary methodologies that include black feminist theory and critical studies of history and slavery, Dispossessed Lives demonstrates how the construction of the archive marked enslaved women's bodies, in life and in death. By vividly recounting enslaved life through the experiences of individual women and illuminating their conditions of confinement through the legal, sexual, and representational power wielded by slave owners, colonial authorities, and the archive, Fuentes challenges the way we write histories of vulnerable and often invisible subjects.
Chapter 1. Jane: Fugitivity, Space, and Structures of Control in Bridgetown
Chapter 2. Rachael and Joanna: Power, Historical Figuring, and Troubling Freedom
Chapter 3. Agatha: White Women Slaveowners and the Dialectic of Racialized Gender
Chapter 4. Molly: Enslaved Women, Condemnation, and Gendered Terror
Chapter 5. "Venus": Abolition Discourse, Gendered Violence, and the Archive
- Winner of the 2017 Association of Black Women Historians Letitia Woods Brown Memorial Book Award
- Winner of the 2016 Caribbean Studies Association Barbara Christian Prize
- Winner of the Berkshire Conference of Women Historians Book Prize