Security and Suspicion
An Ethnography of Everyday Life in IsraelUniversity of Pennsylvania Press The Ethnography of Political Violence
In Israel, gates, fences, and walls encircle public spaces while guards scrutinize, inspect, and interrogate. With a population constantly aware of the possibility of suicide bombings, Israel is defined by its culture of security. Security and Suspicion is a closely drawn ethnographic study of the way Israeli Jews experience security in their everyday lives.
Observing security concerns through an anthropological lens, Juliana Ochs investigates the relationship between perceptions of danger and the political strategies of the state. Ochs argues that everyday security practices create exceptional states of civilian alertness that perpetuate—rather than mitigate—national fear and ongoing violence. In Israeli cities, customers entering gated urban cafés open their handbags for armed security guards and parents circumnavigate feared neighborhoods to deliver their children safely to school. Suspicious objects appear to be everywhere, as Israelis internalize the state's vigilance for signs of potential suicide bombers. Fear and suspicion not only permeate political rhetoric, writes Ochs, but also condition how people see, the way they move, and the way they relate to Palestinians. Ochs reveals that in Israel everyday practices of security—in the home, on commutes to work, or in cafés and restaurants—are as much a part of conflict as soldiers and military checkpoints.
Based on intensive fieldwork in Israel during the second intifada, Security and Suspicion charts a new approach to issues of security while contributing to our appreciation of the subtle dynamics of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. This book offers a way to understand why security propagates the very fears and suspicions it is supposed to reduce.
Introduction: The Practice of Everyday Security
Chapter 1. A Genealogy of Israeli Security
Chapter 2. Senses of Security: Rebuilding Café Hillel
Chapter 3. Pahad: Fear as Corporeal Politics
Chapter 4. Embodying Suspicion
Chapter 5. Projecting Security in the City
Chapter 6. On IKEA and Army Boots: The Domestication of Security
Chapter 7. Seeing, Walking, Securing: Tours of Israel's Separation Wall
Epilogue: Real Fantasies of Security
"[Security and Suspicion] is rich in ethnographic detail and balances attention to subjectivity, habits, rhetoric, and behavior. It is critical of structures and practices yet simultaneously deeply empathetic with the subjects who struggle to find peace amidst violence. The book's conclusion-that the practice of security might make Israelis feel less secure rather than more-is an intervention of tremendous significance. . . . An excellent book."—American Ethnologist
"An empirically rich, interpretively savvy, and compelling addition to a growing body of literature that examines security practices, materiality, fantasies, and discourses."—Middle East Journal
"The author's honest, conceptually strong, and well-written presentation focuses only on Israeli Jews, specifically, the families she was closest to and the activities she engaged in for a limited time in Jerusalem and Arad. Ochs skillfully locates her ethnographic work-not a psychological study (despite close attention to fear and anxiety), but an examination of everyday life and its intersection with state security and nation building-in the contemporary history and political economy of Israeli society."—Choice
"Security and Suspicion is at once an ethnographic account of daily life in Israel during the second intifada, and an introduction and then some to the ethnography of security in the post-9/11 world. Juliana Ochs probes embodiment, fear and fantasy as registers of security and insecurity in a contemporary landscape where normal life is politicized through the threat and actuality of violence. Her account of everyday sociability is nuanced and keenly observed; the implications of her analysis of the visceral quality of state legitimation constitute a significant contribution to the ethnography of politics in the 21st century."—Carol Greenhouse, Princeton University