Christian cultures across the centuries have invoked Judaism in order to debate, represent, and contain the dangers presented by the sensual nature of art. By engaging Judaism, both real and imagined, they explored and expanded the perils and possibilities for Christian representation of the material world.
The thirteen essays in Judaism and Christian Art reveal that Christian art has always defined itself through the figures of Judaism that it produces. From its beginnings, Christianity confronted a host of questions about visual representation. Should Christians make art, or does attention to the beautiful works of human hands constitute a misplaced emphasis on the things of this world or, worse, a form of idolatry ("Thou shalt make no graven image")? And if art is allowed, upon what styles, motifs, and symbols should it draw? Christian artists, theologians, and philosophers answered these questions and many others by thinking about and representing the relationship of Christianity to Judaism. This volume is the first dedicated to the long history, from the catacombs to colonialism but with special emphasis on the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, of the ways in which Christian art deployed cohorts of "Jews"—more figurative than real—in order to conquer, defend, and explore its own territory.
List of Illustrations
Introduction —David Nirenberg Chapter 1. "Pharaoh's Army Got Drownded": Some Reflections on Jewish and Roman —Genealogies in Early Christian Art —Jaś Elsner Chapter 2. Unfeigned Witness: Jews, Matter, and Vision in Twelfth-Century Christian Art —Sara Lipton Chapter 3. Shaded with Dust: Jewish Eyes on Christian Art —Herbert L. Kessler Chapter 4. Iudeus sacer: Life, Law, and Identity in the "State of Exception" Called "Marian Miracle" —Francisco Prado-Vilar Chapter 5. Abraham Circumcises Himself: A Scene at the Endgame of Jewish Utility to Christian Art —Marcia Kupfer Chapter 6. Frau Venus, the Eucharist, and the Jews of Landshut —Achim Timmermann Chapter 7. Jewish Carnality, Christian Guilt, and Eucharistic Peril in the Rotterdam-Berlin Altarpiece of the Holy Sacrament —Mitchell B. Merback Chapter 8. The Ghetto and the Gaze in Early Modern Venice —Dana E. Katz Chapter 9. Through a Glass Darkly: Paths to Salvation in Spanish Painting at the Outset of the Inquisition —Felipe Pereda Chapter 10. Renaissance Naturalism and the Jewish Bible: Ferrara, Brescia, Bergamo, 1520-1540 —Stephen J. Campbell Chapter 11. Poussin's Useless Treasures —Richard Neer Chapter 12. Eugène Delacroix's Jewish Wedding and the Medium of Painting —Ralph Ubl Chapter 13. The Judaism of Christian Art —David Nirenberg
List of Contributors Index Acknowledgments
Herbert L. Kessler is Professor of the History of Art at the Johns Hopkins University and author of Spiritual Seeing: Picturing God's Invisibility in Medieval Art, also published by the University of Pennsylvania Press. David Nirenberg is Deborah R. and Edgar D. Jannotta Professor in the Committee on Social Thought and Department of History at the University of Chicago. He is author of Communities of Violence: Persecution of Minorities in the Middle Ages and Anti-Judaism: The Western Tradition.
"This collection of thirteen essays is provocative in the best sense of the term: forcing readers to question what they know by probing the litany, raising new interpretations, and inciting rethinking. Neither the editors nor the contributors to Judaism and Christian Art propose an uncomplicated discussion of the too-often-asked query "is there such a thing as Jewish art?" or a straightforward iconography of Jews and Judaism in Christian art."—Choice
"Judaism and Christian Art . . . may very well qualify as one of the best recently published studies on exchanges between Christian art and Jewish culture."—Renaissance Quarterly
"Kessler and Nirenberg have here coalesced into a coherent whole multiple essays concerning the treatment of Jews and Judaism in Christian art. The essays move chronologically in a way that encourages readers to linger with each author and engage deeply with every piece of art they encounter."—Religious Studies Review
"An impressive collection displaying considerable erudition and argumentative skills. Judaism and Christian Art makes a stimulating and useful contribution to scholarship."—Walter Cahn, Yale University