Black Conservative Intellectuals in Modern AmericaUniversity of Pennsylvania Press
232 Pages, 6.00 x 9.00 in
- Published: January 2012
- Published: November 2011
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In the last three decades, a brand of black conservatism espoused by a controversial group of African American intellectuals has become a fixture in the nation's political landscape, its proponents having shaped policy debates over some of the most pressing matters that confront contemporary American society. Their ideas, though, have been neglected by scholars of the African American experience—and much of the responsibility for explaining black conservatism's historical and contemporary significance has fallen to highly partisan journalists. Typically, those pundits have addressed black conservatives as an undifferentiated mass, proclaiming them good or bad, right or wrong, color-blind visionaries or Uncle Toms.
In Black Conservative Intellectuals in Modern America, Michael L. Ondaatje delves deeply into the historical archive to chronicle the origins of black conservatism in the United States from the early 1980s to the present. Focusing on three significant policy issues—affirmative action, welfare, and education—Ondaatje critically engages with the ideas of nine of the most influential black conservatives. He further documents how their ideas were received, both by white conservatives eager to capitalize on black support for their ideas and by activists on the left who too often sought to impugn the motives of black conservatives instead of challenging the merits of their claims. While Ondaatje's investigation uncovers the themes and issues that link these voices together, he debunks the myth of a monolithic black conservatism. Figures such as Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas, the Hoover Institution's Thomas Sowell and Shelby Steele, and cultural theorist John McWhorter emerge as individuals with their own distinct understandings of and relationships to the conservative political tradition.
Chapter One: Profiles of an Intellectual Vanguard
Chapter Two: Affirmative Action Dilemmas
Chapter Three: Partisans of the Poor?
Chapter Four: Visions of School Reform
"A splendid narrative of the rise of black conservative intellectuals who emerged into the public sphere with the election of Ronald Reagan in 1980. . . . A first-rate, evenhanded account of black conservatism that will likely be a pivotal work on the topic for years to come."—Journal of American History
"Thoughtful, well written. . . . Ondaatje has written a useful assessment of the late twentieth century iteration of an important but understudied historical and contemporary intellectual tradition."—Rhetoric and Public Affairs
"Michael Ondaatje has taken on a subject that few have written about so thoroughly and extensively, and his book makes a notable contribution to modern American intellectual history and race relations. He probes deeply into the thought of black conservative intellectuals, exploring their positions on such key racial issues as affirmative action, welfare policy, and public education. Applying rigorous critical analysis, he also documents their logical failures, intellectual inconsistencies, and suspect arguments."—Raymond A. Mohl, coeditor of The New African American Urban History
"A well-written and important piece of scholarship that aids considerably in historical understanding of black conservatism in particular and modern American conservatism in general."—Edward J. Blum, author of W. E. B. Du Bois, American Prophet