A Juneteenth Collection

Juneteenth is a holiday marking the anniversary of June 19, 1865—the date Major General Gordon Granger arrived in Galveston, Texas, and delivered General Order No. 3 announcing the end of legalized slavery in Texas. Since the following year and continuing to this day, it has been celebrated by people of African descent in the United States as a commemoration of the effective end of slavery in the United States. As the Library of Congress notes, Juneteenth is a “symbolic date” representing the African American struggle for freedom and equality as well as a celebration of family and community, and it is also celebrated by people in Canada, Jamaica, Nigeria, the United Kingdom, and other countries throughout the world.

In 1979, Texas became the first state to recognize Juneteenth as a state holiday, with many other states gradually following suit in the ensuing decades. On June 17, 2021, President Joseph R. Biden, Jr. signed into law the bill that established Juneteenth National Independence Day, June 19, as a federal holiday.

To honor Juneteenth, Penn Press has curated a collection of our recent and forthcoming titles that explore historical context and themes related to Juneteenth, which you can browse below.

Remaking the Republic

Christopher James Bonner

Citizenship in the nineteenth-century United States was an ever-moving target. The Constitution did not specify its exact meaning, leaving lawmakers and other Americans to struggle over the fundamental...

The Black Republic

Brandon R. Byrd

In The Black Republic, Brandon R. Byrd explores the ambivalent attitudes that African American leaders in the post-Civil War era held toward Haiti, the first and only black republic in the...

Force and Freedom

Kellie Carter Jackson

From its origins in the 1750s, the white-led American abolitionist movement adhered to principles of "moral suasion" and nonviolent resistance as both religious tenet and political strategy. But...

The Many Resurrections of Henry Box Brown

Martha Cutter

On March 23, 1849, Henry Brown climbed into a large wooden postal crate and was mailed from slavery in Richmond, Virginia, to freedom in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. “Box Brown,” as he came to...

The Textual Effects of David Walker's "Appeal"

Marcy J. Dinius

Historians and literary historians alike recognize David Walker's Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World (1829-1830) as one of the most politically radical and consequential antislavery...

Selling Antislavery

Teresa A. Goddu

Beginning with its establishment in the early 1830s, the American Anti-Slavery Society (AASS) recognized the need to reach and consolidate a diverse and increasingly segmented audience. To do so,...

Revolutions and Reconstructions

Van Gosse, David Waldstreicher

Revolutions and Reconstructions gathers historians of the early republic, the Civil War era, and African American and political history to consider not whether black people participated in...

A Brotherhood of Liberty

Dennis Patrick Halpin

In A Brotherhood of Liberty, Dennis Patrick Halpin shifts the focus of the black freedom struggle from the Deep South to argue that Baltimore is key to understanding the trajectory of civil...

The Strangers Book

Lloyd Pratt

The Strangers Book explores how various nineteenth-century African American writers radically reframed the terms of humanism by redefining what it meant to be a stranger. Rejecting the idea...

I've Been Here All the While

Alaina E. Roberts

Perhaps no other symbol has more resonance in African American history than that of "40 acres and a mule"—the lost promise of Black reparations for slavery after the Civil War. In I've Been...

The Practice of Citizenship

Derrick R. Spires

In the years between the American Revolution and the U.S. Civil War, as legal and cultural understandings of citizenship became more racially restrictive, black writers articulated an expansive,...