The definitive reference guide to artifacts representing 14,000 years of cultural evolution
Pennsylvania is geographically, ecologically, and culturally diverse. The state is situated at the crossroads of several geographic zones and drainage basins which resulted in a great deal of variation in Native American societies. The Archaeology of Native Americans in Pennsylvania is the definitive reference guide to rich artifacts that represent 14,000 years of cultural evolution. This authoritative work includes environmental studies, descriptions and illustrations of artifacts and features, settlement pattern studies, and recommendations for directions of further research.
Containing previously unpublished data and representing fifty years of collaborative findings gathered under historic preservation laws, the book is organized into five parts, reflecting five major time periods. Essential for anyone conducting archaeological research in Pennsylvania and surrounding regions, especially professionals conducting surveys and research in compliance with state and federal preservation laws, as well as professors and students engaging in research on specific regions or topics in Middle Atlantic archaeology.
PART I. ENVIRONMENTAL RECONSTRUCTION, AND THE PALEOINDIAN, EARLY, AND MIDDLE ARCHAIC PERIODS
Chapter 1. Genetic Stratigraphy: Late Pleistocene Through the Holocene Paleoclimates and Paleoenvironments of Pennsylvania —Frank J. Vento, Anthony Vega, and Harold Rollins Chapter 2. The Paleoindian Period in Pennsylvania —Kurt W. Carr and J. M. Adovasio Chapter 3. The Early and Middle Archaic Periods in Pennsylvania —Christopher Bergman, Kurt W. Carr, and J. M. Adovasio
PART II. THE LATE ARCHAIC PERIOD Chapter 4. The Late Archaic Period in the Upper Ohio Drainage Basin —Verna L. Cowin and Sarah W.Neusius Chapter 5. The Late Archaic Period in the Susquehanna Drainage Basin —Patricia E. Miller Chapter 6. The Late Archaic Period in the Delaware Drainage Basin —Roger Moeller
PART III. THE EARLY AND MIDDLE WOODLAND PERIODS Chapter 7. The Early and Middle Woodland Periods in the Upper Ohio Drainage Basin —Mark McConaughy Chapter 8. The Early and Middle Woodland Periods in the Susquehanna Drainage Basin —Roger Moeller Chapter 9. The Early and Middle Woodland Periods in the Delaware Drainage Basin —Roger Moeller
PART IV. THE LATE WOODLAND/LATE PREHISTORIC, PROTOHISTORIC, AND EARLY HISTORIC PERIODS IN WESTERN PENNSYLVANIA Chapter 10. The Monongahela Tradition of the Late Prehistoric and Protohistoric Periods, Twelfth to Seventeenth Centuries AD, in the Lower Upper Ohio Drainage Basin —William C. Johnson and Bernard Means Chapter 11. The Late Woodland, Protohistoric, and Early Historic Periods on the Lake Erie Plain of Northwestern Pennsylvania, AD 1000-1645 —William C. Johnson and Stanley W. Lantz Chapter 12. The Late Woodland Period in the Glaciated and Unglaciated Appalachian Plateaus Province of Northwestern Pennsylvania: Glaciated Appalachian Plateau, Meade Island, and the Allegheny Erie Traditions —Stanley W. Lantz and William C. Johnson Chapter 13. The Late Woodland Period in the Pittsburgh Low Plateaus Section of West-Central Pennsylvania, AD 1000-1590 —William C. Johnson, Kenneth Burkett, Sarah W. Neusius, and Beverly A. Chiarulli
PART V. THE LATE WOODLAND AND CONTACT PERIODS IN THE SUSQUEHANNA AND DELAWARE VALLEYS OF PENNSYLVANIA Chapter 14. A Review of Owasco and Clemson Island in Pennsylvania —Robert Wall Chapter 15. The Late Woodland Period in the Delaware Drainage Basin —Roger Moeller Chapter 16. The Late Woodland Period in the Susquehanna and Upper Potomac Drainage Basins, circa AD 1100-1525/75 —James T. Herbstritt Chapter 17. Late Woodland/Early Historic Native Americans in the Susquehanna Drainage Basin: The Susquehannocks —Barry C. Kent Chapter 18. The Contact Period and Native American Cultures in Pennsylvania —Barry C. Kent
Research Issues and Recommendations for Future Research
Appendix. Table of Radiocarbon Dates Bibliography List of Contributors Index Index of Sites Acknowledgments
Kurt W. Carr is Senior Curator of Archaeology at the State Museum of Pennsylvania. Christopher A. Bergman is Vice President of Cultural Resources at AECOM. Christina B. Rieth is State Archaeologist and Director, Cultural Resource Survey Program, the New York State Museum. Bernard K. Means teaches archaeology courses at the School of World Studies and is director of the Virtual Curation Laboratory at Virginia Commonwealth University. Roger W. Moeller is owner of Archaeological Services, Bethlehem, CT. Elizabeth Wagner is Curator of Archaeology at the State Museum of Pennsylvania.
"This beautifully produced three-volume boxed set on the Indigenous Americans of Pennsylvania is a milestone in North American regional archaeology...The work is encyclopedic, foundational in nature, and characterized by internal consistencies that are the mark of close collaboration and good editing. This will be a standard reference for regional professionals, advanced students, and serious lay readers for years to come."—American Antiquity
"[A]nyone who has any interest in the archaeological study of the Native Americans of Pennsylvania needs to own these books....[I[t is [not] possible to conduct archaeological research in Pennsylvania, write about it, or even seriously think about Pennsylvania archaeology without reference to this multi-volume work."—Pennsylvania Archaeologist
"[A]n ambitious and ultimately successful endeavor to present the current state of knowledge of the Indigenous archaeological record of the state...This work does an excellent job of documenting our knowledge in 2020. The Archaeology of Native Americans in Pennsylvania will long serve as the standard reference for those working in the keystone state and adjacent areas."—Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology