Most historical and critical discussions of gardens focus on their design. What happens after the completion of the design, however, is largely ignored, which neglects a much larger part of the site's interest and potential. For gardens, John Dixon Hunt contends, are experienced, often by a succession of visitors at different times and often from different cultures; this experience, though determined by the original design and its subsequent modifications, also augments the site's potentialities, and this "afterlife" of gardens comes to enhance the original moment of creation.
One way of exploring the experience of designed landscapes is to adapt literary reception theory to the study of gardens. Hunt argues that such an approach via the reception or experience of gardens enlarges how we should understand their significance and meanings.
It is generally assumed that the experience of gardens became a prime ingredient of late eighteenth-century landscapes—picturesque literature especially highlighted how visitors responded to their surroundings, reading inscriptions and recognizing the significance of carefully placed architectural items or fabriqués. But there is considerable evidence for a much earlier interest in how experience came to constitute an essential aspect of a site beyond the intentions of the original designer or patron. Among other early examples, Hunt examines the book Hypnerotomachia Polifili (1499) to show how its protagonist is shown exploring and negotiating a series of strange and baffling landscapes. Through other inquiries—particularly into the role of movement in such different situations as Versailles, and Chiswick or along modern highways—The Afterlife of Gardens provides a fresh approach to the study of designed landscapes that goes beyond their production and into how they exist and are understood by their users.
In this ambitious new book the author shows how the complete history of a garden must extend beyond the moment of its design and the aims of the designer to record its subsequent reception. He raises questions about the preservation of historical sites, and provides lessons for the contemporary designer, who may perhaps be more attentive to the life of a work after its design and implementation. This book will interest all who have a professional interest in gardens, as well as the wide general audience for gardens and landscapes of past and present.
One. A Reception History of Landscape Architecture
Two. The Garden as Virtual Reality
Three. Experiencing Gardens and Landscape in the Hypnerotomachia Poliphili
Four. Triggers and Prompts in Landscape Architecture Visitation
Five. Verbal versus Visual Responses in Garden Visitation
Six. The Role of Movement in Garden Reception
Seven. Moving Along in the Automobile
Eight. The Afterlife of Gardens and the Implied Visitor